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Osmaniye
28 Mart 2014 Cuma Small Font Large Font
History

The lands where a tribe called Lelegs ruled during Chalcolithic and first bronze ages, Great Hittite State, Assyria, Rome, Byzantium, Seljuk and finally Ottoman Empire reigned respectively.

It became a province after proclamation of republic and in 1933 it was again given the administrative structure of a town. In 24 October 1996 it was reinstated and Osmaniye became a province again.

Geographical Position

Osmaniye is in the east of Mediterranean Region. It was surrounded by Gaziantep in the east, Hatay in the south, Adana in the west and Kahramanmaraş province in the north. Surface area of the province is 3,215 km2.

Osmaniye is surrounded by Amanos Mountains in the east and southeast and by Taurus Mountains extending from west to north. Some of the mountains and hills surrounding Osmaniye are Düldül, Koyunmeleden, Daz tepe, Kösür, Büyük Kösür, Tozaklık,  Hacıdağı,  Honazin Passage, Haçbel ve Boğatepe. Ceyhan River, which rises in Kahramanmaraş lands, flows through Osmaniye terrain and drains into the Mediterranean. Other watercourses apart from Ceyhan River are Savrun, Sumbas, Hamus, Kesiksu, Karaçay and Sabun streams. Aslantaş, Berke, Kalecik and Kesiksu dams are on these watercourses. The dams on these watercourses are used to irrigate fertile lands of Osmaniye.

Although the climate of Osmaniye varies in mountainous and plain areas, it has the characteristics of the Mediterranean climate.  Summers are hot and dry and winters are warm and rainy. Summers in plains are very hot. It is possible to see almost entire vegetation of the Mediterranean in Osmaniye, where Mediterranean climate prevails. Natural vegetation of Osmaniye province consists of cultivars on plain bases, scrubs on threshold areas and coniferous pine woods in higher parts.

Administrative and Socio-Economic Status

Population of Osmaniye province according to Address-Based Census (ADNKS) in 2009 which was announced by Turkish Statistics Institution (TUIK) on 31.12.2009 is 471,804. While 339,559 of the population are living in urban areas, 132,245 are in counties and villages. The rate of urban population is 72% and rate of those living in the villages is 28%. Again, according to the results of the same census, population of the center is 194,339, which corresponds to 151 people per km². Largest towns in terms of population are the Central town, Kadirli and Düziçi respectively. Largest town in terms of surface area is Kadirli, and the least populated town and the town with the smallest surface area is Hasanbeyli.

Number of towns in Osmaniye is 7, number of municipalities is 16 and the number of villages is 160.

Osmaniye Korkut Ata University was founded in 2007. There are students in 4 vocational schools of higher education (in Osmaniye, Kadirli, Bahçe and Düziçi) as of 2008 - 2009 academic year. There are 2077 students in regular education and 1878 student in the evening education, thus 3955 registered students in total in the University. Osmaniye Vocational School of Higher Education with 2236 students is the largest higher education institution.

109 out of 1,235 academic staff of the University are already assigned and the rest 1127 positions are vacant. Total number of administrative personnel is 116.

According to urbanization list of the provinces, Osmaniye is on 17th rank with an urbanization rate of 72.0%. Number of persons per km2 is 151 in terms of population density variable. Osmaniye, where the annual birth rate between 2008-2009 is 15.2‰, is higher than Turkey’s average rate. According to the figures published by Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜIK), unemployment rate in 2008 was 16.3%. In terms of the number of industrial workers compared to total employment, it is below the average rate of Turkey, but the number of workers in agriculture sector is above Turkey’s average.

People make their living from livestock and agriculture predominantly.  Peanut, orange and cotton are the main agricultural products.

Literacy in Osmaniye province as of 2009 is 85.16% for women and 96.34% for men. Number of students per classroom in elementary education in Osmaniye province is 33, which is parallel to 32, the average number of the country.

Osmaniye export rate was low in 2004, however it showed an increase as of 2008. Export rate of Osmaniye in 2008 was TL 7,217,501. Industry is the leading sector in exports of Osmaniye. Share of Osmaniye’s agriculture sector in the total exports is 22%, share of industrial sector is 77%, and the share of mining industry is 1%.

Length of state asphalt highway roads in Osmaniye is 67 km in total while the length of railroads is 68 km.

In the finance sector, on the other hand, the number of bank branches in Osmaniye at the end of 2007 was 22, and it increased to 29 at the end of 2009. Number of persons per bank branch in Osmaniye at the end of September 2009 was 16,024.

Located in Upper Çukurova, in the eastern bank of Ceyhan River, Osmaniye has marshy lands due to Ceyhan River and Hamıs, Karaçay, Kesiksuyu and Savrun Streams, and also on a very busy area as it is on the crossing point of roads that connect Çukurova to east. Karatepe, Aslantaş, Open-Air Museum and Ancient cities are important tourism sources in Osmaniye, which has rich cultivation lands of Çukurova and vast forests.
T.C. Sanayi ve Teknoloji Bakanlığı T.C. Hatay Valiliği T.C. Kahramanmaraş Valiliği T.C. Osmaniye Valiliği T.C. Hatay Büyükşehir Belediyesi T.C. Kahramanmaras Büyükşehir Belediyesi T.C. Osmaniye Belediyesi T.C. Antakya Ticaret ve Sanayi Odası T.C. Kahramanmaraş Ticaret ve Sanayi Odası Osmaniye Ticaret Odası T.C. Başbakanlık Yatırım Destek ve Tanıtım Ajansı - Invest in Turkey igeme.org.tr Eurada Avrupa İşletmeler Ağı Akdeniz
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